TN Visa & Green Card
General Description of the Employment-based Permanent Residency (Green Card) Process.
A foreign citizen may obtain lawful permanent resident ("LPR") status (i.e., a green card) through two options: (i) family based or (ii) employment based immigration. Through family-based immigration, a U.S. citizen or Lawful Permanent Resident can sponsor his or her close family members for permanent residence. Through employment-based immigration, a foreign citizen may obtain a green card based on an offer from a U.S. employer for permanent employment.
2. Five Employment-Based Preference Categories:
The U.S. immigration laws provide five basic categories (referred to as "preferences") under which a foreign citizen may obtain permanent residence in the U.S. based on employment. The five employment-based ("EB") preference categories are as follows:
- First Preference EB-1 Priority Workers.
- Second Preference EB-2 Advanced Degree Professionals and Workers with Exceptional Ability.
- Third Preference EB-3 Skilled Workers, Professionals, and Other Workers.
- Fourth Preference EB-4 Certain Special Immigrants.
- Fifth Preference EB-5 Employment Creation.
3. Basic Employment-based Green Card Process:
The permanent residence process for employment based green cards generally includes a three-part procedure involving the U.S. Department of Labor ("DOL"), Citizenship and Immigration Services ("USCIS"), and the U.S. Department of State ("DOS"). The following are the three stages:
Revised June 3, 2010.