TN Visa: Animal Breeder

Background of TN Visa Category

The TN visa occupational category for Animal Breeders was first listed in the United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement (FTA) in 1989. See 54 Federal Register 12 (Jan. 3, 1989). The predecessor to NAFTA, the FTA provided work authorization under TC visa status, which was only available to Canadian citizens. The occupational category for Animal Breeders was carried over and included in the NAFTA list of available occupations in 1994. See 58 FR 69205 (Dec. 30, 1993).

TN Visa Applicant Requirements

Under the United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement (the predecessor to NAFTA), to qualify for an Animal Breeder an individual had to possess a Bachelor's degree. See 54 Federal Register 12 (Jan. 3, 1989).

In 1990, members of the FTA considered whether alternative credentials to the Bachelor's degree requirement would be accepted for qualifying as an Animal Breeder. See 55 FR 6694 (Feb. 26, 1990). After research and consultation, the FTA members determined that the term "animal breeder" applied to an animal breeder who was a scientist. As result, the group did not modify the bachelor degree requirement for this profession. See 56 FR 11528 (March 19, 1991).

To qualify for TN visa status under NAFTA as an Animal Breeder, an individual must possess one of the following:
  • Bachelor’s degree; or
  • Licenciatura Degree.
The regulations governing TN visa status generally do not provide any guidance on the type of degrees or majors suitable for a particular TN occupational category. To determine the types of degrees suitable for Animal Breeders for purposes of a TN visa, we may refer to U.S. Department of Labor publications such as the Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH). See Royal Siam Corp. v. Chertoff, 484 F.3d 139, 145 (1st Cir. 2007).

Read more about the TN visa degree requirements.

TN Visa Job Duties Requirements

The TN visa regulations do not specifically define the types of Animal Breeder positions or job duties that are permissible under this TN category. The NAFTA Handbook provides some minimal guidance stating that Animal Breeders "breed improve their economic and aesthetic characteristics." NAFTA Handbook, pg. 137.

Like the degree requirement, individuals should refer to the U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH) for additional guidance on the generally accepted job duties for this occupation.

Read more about TN visa job duties.


TN Visa Articles - Animal Breeder (not available at this time)


Revised Sept. 19, 2014.